California is well known as the land of sunshine, surfing, and movie stars. But that’s just skimming the surface of this huge and wondrous land. If you’re thinking of moving to California, you’ll want to dig a bit deeper.
We’ve compiled a list of 14 truly important things you should know before you head on over to the west coast (A.K.A. the best coast).
Read on, future Californians, to learn more about the land, food, and people of the Golden State. At the end we’ve even thrown in a few tips for making your move to California as smooth as possible.
1. California is big and spread out
No, California isn’t just one big beach. Nor is it a giant Redwood forest, a sprawling desert, or an enormous mountain range. But it does contain all of those things. Spanning 163,696 square miles, the Golden State is a patchwork of distinct geographies, each one with its own culture and climate.
Of course there’s Northern California (NorCal) and Southern California (SoCal). But within those broad regions there are plenty of smaller areas, like the Bay Area, the Central Coast, the Central Valley, the North Coast, and the Inland Empire.
So, if you want to move to California, the first thing you have to decide is which California? Do you want the hustle and diversity of Los Angeles? Or would you prefer the quiet serenity of Sonoma County (also known as Wine Country)? Perhaps you’re a military family relocating to San Diego?
One thing’s sure to be true no matter which part of Cali you end up in: there will be great tacos.
|Curious about what it costs to move to California? Jump to these sections for average moving costs on popular routes:|
-- Moving from Texas to California
-- Moving from Las Vegas to Los Angeles
-- Moving from Phoenix to Los Angeles
-- Moving from Florida to California
-- Moving from NYC to California
2. You probably need a car
Speaking of California’s grand size: you’re probably going to need your own set of wheels to get around. And in case you haven’t already heard of California traffic, let us warn you: it can get pretty bad.
In fact, California has more cars than any other part of the country. In 2018 there were over 15 million registered vehicles in the state.1 That’s almost twice as many as the next state in line, Texas. But there’s good reason for all these automobiles.
If you’re moving from the East Coast, where cities are densely populated and close together, then get ready for a new reality. Cities in California sprawl out for miles. The Los Angeles metro area alone is a whopping 4,850 square miles! That makes creating a subway system very hard, and walking across town could take days.
If you want to travel between cities in California, then you’ll definitely want a car. Getting from L.A. to San Francisco is a 380-mile drive, or about the same distance as New York City to Richmond, Virginia.
So, unless you’re very dedicated to biking or using public transit (in which case, good for you), you’re going to want to budget a reliable vehicle into your moving costs.
3. There’s tons of economic opportunity
You may have heard that California’s economy is the largest in the country. But did you know that it’s also the fifth largest economy in the entire world, ranking above countries like India, the United Kingdom, and Russia?2
Plenty of folks move to California for a specific job. But even if you’re coming in cold, you can get your foot in the door, whether you're a writer, a coder, an engineer, an entrepreneur, or pretty much anything else. The power of California’s economy is its versatility.
There’s a huge agricultural industry in the Central Valley, but the worldwide center of technological innovation is also just a few miles away in Silicon Valley. Hollywood is the center of entertainment production, but L.A. is also home to a booming service industry.
In short: California’s probably got whatever kind of work you’re looking for.
4. The cost of living can be high
The flipside of California’s stellar economy is that everything costs more. And we’re not just talking about a loaf of bread at the store. The state ranks third in the nation for the highest cost of living, just below Hawaii and New York.3
The average cost of a home in California is more than half a million dollars ($578,267 to be exact).4 But most other things, from transportation to your utilities, will also cost you a pretty penny in the Golden State.
Of course, a lot depends on just where in Cali you settle. Fresno is significantly cheaper than, say, Berkeley. You can use Nerd Wallet’s cost of living calculator to help you find a California city that works for your budget.
5. California is diverse
¿Hablas español? You might want to brush up on your Spanish before you head to California. Nearly 40% of the state’s population is of Latino origin, according to 2019 Census Bureau estimates (in fact, the state used to be part of Mexico).5
You can see the Latino heritage in everything, from the language to the food to the architecture. But it’s not just the Latin American influence that makes the state great.
California is home to a huge Asian American population. There’s a bustling Chinatown in nearly every major city where you can enjoy awesome food and shopping. Meanwhile, cities like Oakland are rich in African American history and culture.
All of this makes California the perfect destination for those who want to be closer to their own culture — or those who’re fleeing more monotonous parts of the country in search of diversity.
6. The weather is (mostly) great
If you’re into rain, snow, sleet, and ice, then you may not want to move to California. Much of California tends to be sunny and dry. In L.A. it’s basically 71 degrees and partly cloudy 300 days of the year.
But, as we’ve said before, California is made up of a bunch of micro-regions. If you’re moving to Baker, CA, then you could end up seeing 120 degree days. Meanwhile, if you’re going to Truckee you’ll end up with 10 feet of snow in November.
And then there’s the Bay Area, with the most inscrutable weather in the world. As the saying (often attributed to Mark Twain) goes: "The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco."
7. The outdoors are magnificent
The cities of Cali are full of fun, opportunity, and lovely people, but it’s the great outdoors that you’ll really fall in love with. Moving to California is ideal for anyone who likes to hike in the mountains, fish in alpine lakes, gaze upon wildflower super blooms, or surf gnarly waves.
California has nine national parks. That’s more than any other state (sorry, Alaska)! Here’s the list in alphabetical order (we’re not choosing favorites here).
California national parks:
- Channel Islands National Park
- Death Valley National Park
- Joshua Tree National Park
- Kings Canyon National Park
- Lassen Volcanic National Park
- Pinnacles National Park
- Redwood National Park
- Sequoia National Park
- Yosemite National Park
8. Did we mention the beach?
What can we say about the beach that everyone doesn’t already know? Sand, ocean, sun, a good book, and a cold drink—now that’s the life. Moving to California will get you close to 655 miles of beautiful coast for sunbathing, surfing, snorkeling, and enjoying a killer sunset.
Go ahead and jump right into that crisp water as soon as you’re done unloading your stuff. There’s no better way to usher in your new life on the Pacific coast. But if you’re moving to California from Florida or Texas, watch out, because the water can be quite chilly compared to the Gulf of Mexico, or even the Atlantic Ocean. For instance, it’s pretty common for surfers to wear wetsuits to stay warm.
9. California has great educational institutions
Plenty of folks move to California specifically to attend the state’s amazing institutions of higher learning, like Stanford and USC. But even if you’re not moving there to go to college, you’ll still benefit from the state’s educational system.
The biggest player in California’s university ecosystem is, of course, The University of California. With 10 campuses and nearly 300,000 students, the UC system is about as big as it gets. It also has a reputation for outstanding education. In fact, 107 Nobel Prize winners have come out of UC Berkeley alone.6
The UC universities have opportunities for all kinds of people, not just Nobel-worthy scientists. There are continuing education programs for working adults, summer programs for high schoolers, and open lectures and forums for all California residents.
10. There’s great food (and great wine)
California is a paradise for foodies, health gurus, vegetarians, fast-food enthusiasts, midnight snackers, and everyone else who loves a good munch.
Want a quick meal? Head to the taco stand on the corner. Or are you looking to celebrate a special occasion? There’s bound to be a local, farm-to-table restaurant nearby. Want to pig out on a burger and fries? Nothing beats California’s own In-N-Out Burger chain.
But food isn’t the only wonderful thing you’ll taste while living in California. There’s wine, too, and plenty of it. There are more than 1,200 wineries in the state, and they produce most of the country’s wine. So drink up to your new home!
11. Moving to California comes with a few risks
If you’ve kept up with the news in the last few years you’ve probably seen a story -- or 20 -- about California’s wildfires. And you might have heard about the drought, too. And the earthquakes. And the landslides . . .
Okay, so California has a few risks. But, despite the outsized media attention these events often get, they’re actually quite rare. And, even if one of these events does occur close to your new home, there are several things you can do to prepare and protect your home, yourself, and your family. At the end of the day, moving to California is like moving anywhere else: there can be risks, but a little preparedness goes a long way.
12. It’s easy to be green in California
If you’ve ever driven to Southern California via I-15, then you’ve probably noticed the gigantic fields of solar panels near the border with Nevada. Those are just a few of the solar farms that, along with thousands of wind turbines, fuel California’s powerful renewable energy market.
Living in California, you’ll likely get your electricity, at least in part, from one of these renewable sources. The state also provides grants, tax incentives, and other forms of help for residents who want to install their own solar panels on their home.
But being green doesn’t just mean sourcing your energy from renewable sources. Californians tend to conserve their water, eat locally (it helps that so much food is produced in the state), and even tend their own backyard gardens.
13. State taxes are not the lowest
Taxes may be inevitable, but how much you pay in taxes depends on where you live. If you’re moving to the great state of California, you may see an increase.
California’s state sales tax is among the highest in the nation, at 7.25%. Its income tax is also high, as is its tax on gasoline.7 But property taxes are actually quite low, which is good news for those who are looking to buy a house in California.
Californians may pay a decent amount in taxes, but they’re not in a rush to reduce them. In 2018, voters actually declined a ballot initiative to reduce the gas tax. Apparently Californians are willing to put their money where their mouth is when it comes to environmental protection efforts.
14. You’re not the only one moving there
Ever since the gold rush in the mid-1800s, people have been flocking to California in search of a better life. Some want Hollywood fame, others want to start the next big tech company, and many just want to live in a beautiful place among laid-back California residents.
In other words: you’re not the only one moving to California. Just take a look at this map of California’s migration influx compiled by demographic trend mapping company, Esri.8 The yellow lines show where in the United States people are moving from when they come to the Golden State.
As these yellow lines show, there are plenty of folks making the move from, for instance, Houston to L.A. or Miami to San Francisco, or New York City to Los Angeles. This is good news for you if you’re moving to California.
For one, it means you’ll have plenty of fellow migrants to reminisce with. You’ll also be in an environment where the locals are used to having newcomers arrive on the daily. California is a state full of people who came from elsewhere.
Planning your move to California
We hope that these 14 facts about this big, beautiful state have helped you decide whether moving to California is right for you. If the answer is yes, then let us help you start planning your move. We’ll take a look at logistics, average moving costs, and what you can expect from the different moving options.
- Full-service movers
Using full-service movers is kind of like staying at a luxury hotel: everything is done for you and it comes with a pretty price tag. Full-service movers will load your stuff into trucks, drive it to the destination, and unload it all for you. (They’ll even pack and unpack, and take your furniture apart and put it back together for an additional charge.)
- Moving containers
Moving container companies, like PODS, are like a more affordable hotel (to continue our analogy). You might not get all the bells and whistles included, like packing and loading, but you can get those services a la carte so you can get just what you need -- which makes it a lot cheaper than staying at the 5-star hotel.
With PODS, a moving container will be delivered to your door. You then load it (or hire people to load it for you) at your own pace. The container is picked up and either put into storage or sent to your new destination, where you unload it. It requires a bit more work than with full-service movers, but it provides flexibility and can save you thousands.
- Rental truck
Rental trucks are more like going camping than staying in a hotel. You’ll have to do basically everything yourself, from loading your stuff to driving the big box truck. But it also tends to be the cheapest option for moving to California, although the cost gets a lot closer to using moving containers for long-distance moves.
Moving with a rental truck can be especially hard if you’ve got a lot of stuff or are moving into a dense city where driving is stressful.
California moving costs
Here are average costs for several popular California moves from other cities in the West, Texas, Florida, and New York. The estimates here are for moving a 2- to 3-bedroom moderately furnished household, but it should help you give an idea of the ballpark figure, even if you’re moving more or less stuff.
Texas to California
Moving from Texas to California: Average moving costs*
|Houston to L.A.||$2,200-$4,632||$2,150-$2,580||$1,142-1,763|
|Houston to San Francisco||$2,434-$5,480||$2,100-$2,990||$1,580-$2,282|
It’s nearly 2,000 miles from Houston to San Francisco and about 1,550 miles from Houston to Los Angeles, but the difference in lifestyles and living costs can make it seem like these cities are on separate planets. Starting with cost of living, it costs over double to live in San Francisco compared to Houston, while Los Angeles living costs are 54% higher than Houston. Culturally, California attitudes tend to be way more laid back than in Houston. That said, Texans should feel right at home with the strong Latino influence in California.
Las Vegas to Los Angeles
Moving From Las Vegas to Los Angeles: Average moving costs*
|Direction of Move||Miles||Full-Service Movers||PODS||Rental Truck|
|Las Vegas to |
|272||$1,620-$3,432||$1,000 - $1,249||$328-$505|
Being close to major movie studios costs a lot more than living in the gambling capital. The cost of living in L.A. is 44% higher than in Las Vegas, and housing is a whopping 99% more. Yet while both Las Vegas and Los Angeles are close to the mountains, in L.A., you've got the beaches and ocean, too. L.A. is the hands-down winner when it comes to a wider range of things to do. But if you're making the move, you probably know all that, and more.
Phoenix to Los Angeles
Moving from Phoenix to Los Angeles: Average Moving Costs*
|Direction of Move||Miles||Full-Service Movers||PODS||Rental Truck|
|Phoenix to Los Angeles||374||$1,620-$3,432||$1,000-$1,399||$328-$505|
If you're moving from Phoenix to L.A., it's probably no surprise that you'll need a boatload more cash to maintain your standard of living -- about 49% more, according to Nerd Wallet's Cost of Living Calculator. The housing will be an even bigger adjustment, at 114% higher in L.A. Still, in addition to the beaches, you'll appreciate milder summer weather in Los Angeles, plus a lot more grass and flowers. Los Angelinos also tend to be far more liberal culturally -- perhaps even on the wild side -- than Phoenicians. Yet there is so much diversity in L.A. that you're bound to find a place to feel at home no matter where you are on the cultural spectrum.
Florida to California
Moving from Florida to California: Average moving costs froM Miami and Orlando*
|Miami to L.A.||$3,500-$6,895||$3,250-$4,090||$2,182-$3,155|
|Miami to San Francisco||$3,893-$7,230||$2,950-$4,920||$2,308-$3,337|
|Orlando to L.A.||$3,500-$6,895||$2,600-$3,670||$2,041-$2,952|
|Orlando to San Francisco||$3,893-$7,230||$2,850-$4,080||$2,308-$3,337|
At more than 3,000 miles, moving from Miami to San Francisco is one of the longest hauls you can make while still remaining in the contiguous part of the U.S. Miami to Los Angeles is only a bit shorter, at 2,734 miles. Those moving from MIami to SF will feel quite a pinch in their wallets, with a 74% higher cost of living, while the difference from Miami to L.A. isn’t nearly as bad, at a 29% hike. Floridians will find plenty of sunshine in L.A., but a lot more smog, and in San Francisco, they’ll need to get used to a lot less sun and an abundance of fog. Both states tend to have relaxed attitudes, largely due to the weather. Florida flatlanders will love the mountains in California.
NYC to California
Moving from NYC to California: Average moving costs*
|NYC to L.A.||$3,500-$6,895||$3,000-$4,300||$2,182-$3,155|
|NYC to San Francisco||$3,893-$7,230||$3,300-$4,600||$2,308-$3,337|
How comfortable you are with the cost of living in L.A. and San Francisco depends on what part of NYC you come from. Manhattanites should find San Francisco more affordable, while those from Queens will find it more expensive. L.A. should be a better deal for New Yorkers, no matter what part of the city you come from. In terms of lifestyle, be prepared to shift way down from the Big Apple’s frenetic speed to California’s decidedly slower pace.
Well, that’s it. We hope this information has helped you get super stoked and super prepared for your move to California!
- Statistics, “U.S. automobile registrations in 2018, by state”
- Business Insider, “California's economy is now the 5th-biggest in the world, and has overtaken the United Kingdom”
- LifeHack, “The 10 Most (And Least) Expensive States In America”
- Zillow, “California Home Prices & Values”
- United States Census Bureau, "QuickFacts California"
- Wikipedia, "List of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley"
- The Balance, "California State Taxes Are Among the Highest in the Nation"
- Esri, “"Population Migration to Each State in the US"
Easton Smith works as a freelance writer and researcher, reviewing technology trends and the moving industry. He moved all around the continent, from New York to California, before landing back in his hometown of Salt Lake City.